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Lou Kren Lou Kren
Senior Editor

Slug Detection Solidifed at Schneider Electric

February 28, 2021


In a 235,000-sq.-ft. Lincoln, NE, plant, the MTS (manufactured to stock) unit of Schneider Electric produces residential and commercial breakers that ultimately make their way to big-box retailers such as Home Depot as well as numerous electrical-supply outlets. More than 180 employees, among other tasks, stamp 1 million parts daily in a host of 40 to 100-ton mechanical presses, with the stampings destined for 120,000 miniature circuit breakers assembled at other Schneider Electric plants. The highest-volume components, for 30-, 40-, 50- and 60-A breakers, undergo assembly either at a Schneider Electric plant in Mexico or another in Costa Mesa, CA. Press speeds in Lincoln top out at about 350 parts/min. due to a 2 to 3-in. stroke length and the need for die ejection of each part. At these press speeds, and with the constant volume requirements (even higher during the pandemic), downtime in the Schneider Electric MTS operation is a big no-no.

Sensing-Marposs-Housings-DieA constant challenge: ensuring proper part-material feed through dies and elimination of slug buildup—these problems quickly compound at such high run rates. 

“The moment we detect an issue and want to stop a press, sometimes that is too late,” explains Mauricio Casares, factory program manager at Schneider Electric, “so we would end up crashing tooling. We want to bring in more presses to better handle the rising production volumes, but until those presses arrive, we wanted to explore our options to help mitigate the crash risks. We thought that feed control and slug detection would be the best technology route for us.”

For feed control, Schneider Electric, with its ownership of Telemecanique Sensors, made use of the 90-plus-yr.-old company and its sensor and control expertise and technology. It has integrated Telemecanique fork photoelectric sensors into inhouse-developed PLC press controls in its pressroom, alleviating that concern.

Substandard Slug Detection

To tackle the slug-detection challenge, the Schneider Electric team focused on an application employing a 45-ton press line fed with 3-in.-wide, 0.060-in.-thick cold-rolled steel strip. The material travels through 30 progressions in a two-out progressive die to produce the needed front and back parts.

Sensing-Marposs-UE-SetupUntil implementing Brankamp’s sensing technology from Marposs in the targeted press line and die, Schneider Electric in Lincoln relied essentially on two systems for slug or stacked-part detection, according to Jake Smutny, the plant’s senior controls engineer.

“One system employed four stripper sensors—two in front and two in back along the stripper-plate edges,” Smutny says, “with each sensor providing about a 2-mm sensing range. Should the spring-loaded stripper reach a certain angle of incline, our press control would stop the press. The extended 2-mm sensing range caused problems. Double-stacking, even with 0.040- or 0.060-in.-thick part material such as with this application, sometimes resulted in enough ram force to smash down the material enough to successfully pass the sensors. But undetected pileups of multiple parts or slugs resulted in catastrophic punch and die damage, and downtime that we can’t afford.”

This sensing solution simply did not provide the needed precision to forestall trouble.

Sensing-Marposs-Control-Cabinet“With a slug or slugs in the center, the distance sensors, located on the edges of the stripper plates, had trouble detecting these conditions,” adds Joe Bortolameolli, Marposs product specialist. “The plates would bulge in the center, but the edges closed nearly all the way. The 2-mm sensors could not detect small gaps at the edges, or the edges had no gaps at all.”

And, calibrating the old sensor setup proved to be a challenging and time-consuming process, according to Casares. 
Detection also relied on tonnage monitoring.

“We know, obviously, that tonnage monitoring is designed for press protection and not to protect tooling or verify anything about the parts,” admits Smutny, “but on the floor, when we see a tonnage spike we stop the press. That might provide an indication of a pileup.” 

Brankamp control screenWhile aware of technology available to address slug detection in the targeted application, production demands delayed implementation until about a year ago, according to Smutny and Casares. At that point, with a die under development in the toolroom, the team decided to upgrade sensing capability. 

New Setup Senses Stripper-Plate Stretching

More reliable and simplified slug detection arrived via Brankamp Ultra Emission (UE) monitoring technology from Marposs Monitoring Solutions GmbH. Strong UE piezoelectric sensors in this application, operating with each press stroke, measure not the gaps at the edges of stripper plates but the amount of stretch across the top of the plate, caused by a slug-buildup bulge. The sensors work by detecting electrical charges produced in solid materials—such as the stripper plate in this application—due to mechanical stress, in this case the stretched top surface of the plate.

“This technology picks up the distance change across the top of the stripper plate, which indicates stretching,” reiterates Bortolameolli, noting along with Smutny that integration with the press line’s upgraded inhouse controls was a relatively simple affair.

“The Brankamp standalone system monitors only the die, where we use a PLC that runs the press, monitors the feeder and monitors the parts count,” Smutny explains. “To integrate, we just employ a dry contact—which operates essentially as an on/off switch—between the Brankamp system and our control. Should the sensors detect a problem state, we simply disengage the clutch on our control side to stop the press.”

Installing this setup did require some work to install UE sensors in the die shoe. Anticipating these and other modifications, the Schneider Electric team, not wanting to halt current production, decided to task an inhouse tooling engineer, assisted by Marposs engineers, to help install the setup during development of a new die.

Ideal Answer to Production Pressure

Though Smutny and Casares don’t have before-and-after production numbers due to employing this slug-detection solution on a new die, they vouch for its effectiveness, and seek to employ the technology on other tooling as production breaks allow.
“With our capacity needs—including a 150-percent production increase over the past year—we’ve been trying to make more with less,” Smutny explains. “That’s where we receive advantages with this slug-detection system. We make fewer bad parts and don’t break our tooling. We do believe in the system, and we just need to bring our off-shifts up to speed so that we can feel comfortable running it around the clock.” MF

Industry-Related Terms: Case, Center, Die, Plate, Point, Ram, Run, Slug, Stripper, Stroke, Surface
View Glossary of Metalforming Terms

 

See also: Marposs Corp.

Technologies: Sensing/Electronics/IOT

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