The Studio System employs Desktop Metal’s Bound Metal Deposition (BMD) technology, where rods of metal powder and binders are heated and extruded to shape a part. This eliminates the loose powders and lasers employed in laser powder bed fusion, a process that necessitates a high initial investment. These factors swayed APG in its purchase decision, according to APG officials. The BMD technology enables a range of material printing, including H13 tool steel, 4140 steel, 316L stainless steel and 17-4 PH stainless steel.
When exploring the use of metal 3D printing, APG tested
parts printed on the Studio System for their dimensional tolerances and
metallurgical properties. Overall, APG engineers found that printed parts had
tolerances comparable to traditionally manufactured parts. To evaluate material
properties, APG engineers printed a number of sample parts, then halved them for
examination of metal density and grain structure. Tests revealed that the
printed metals showed hardness levels, density and grain structure in line with
parts created via MIM.
“The Studio System is enabling us to constantly be asking ourselves how can we do this better, resulting in significant time and cost savings,” says Nate Higgins, APG business unit manager.
Asking that question has proven valuable, as success stories
abound at APG.
For example, rather than requiring staff to manually tighten
and loosen part fixtures, engineers designed a custom-made ratchet screwdriver
tool to automate the process. Using the Studio System, they printed the tool,
with its complex ratchet assembly, in only a few days from 17-4 PH stainless
steel. APG officials note 93-percent cost savings and 87-percent time savings as
compared to traditional manufacturing. The tool allows a single operator to run
as many as five CNC machines at a time, producing a more efficient workflow and
significant labor-cost savings.
Also produced through APG’s 3D printing capability, coining fixtures, which require custom geometry for each application and superior wear resistance to withstand repeated use cycles. Using the Studio System, APG printed an inhouse-designed coining fixture from 17-4 stainless steel and begin employing it in only three days. Overall, the new 3D-printed fixture offered 76-percent cost savings and 84-percent time savings as compared to traditional manufacturing.
Another fixture, used to push a thread-checking tool into a
part, and again printed on the Studio System from 17-4 PH stainless steel,
resulted in time savings of 90 percent versus traditional machining. And, APG
printed the fixture for less than $100, whereas traditional machining would
result in a $600 price tag.
When 3D printing these and other internal-use parts, APG
found that nearly all could proceed directly to use without post-machining. For
some parts destined for customers, secondary machining was necessary to ensure
surface-finish or hole-size requirements.
However, APG engineers believe that they can avoid such steps by working
with customers early in the design process to identify critical part features.
In addition to the cost and time savings, 3D printing has
translated into an increase in manufacturing capacity. APG can turn around
customer jobs more quickly while freeing capacity in its machine shop for other
Industry-Related Terms: Bed
, Stainless Steel
, 3D printing
, Metal powder
, Powder bed
, SinteringView Glossary of Metalforming Terms
See also: Desktop Metal, Inc.
Technologies: Additive Manufacturing