Ignoring Conveyor PM Jeopardizes the Entire Pressroom

By: Scott Clark

Scott Clark is manager, aftermarket, Mayfran International, Cleveland, OH; 440/461-4100,

Wednesday, July 1, 2009
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Keeping your scrap conveyors running efficiently is crucial to maintaining profitable production in any metalforming operation. Yet, scrap handling is easy to ignore. It’s not glamorous and in many cases it is not even readily visible, as many stamping plants now employ systems installed under the floor. But if a conveyor goes down, production may be hobbled, and a river of red ink can begin to flow.

In many metalforming facilities, press lines are interlocked to a main scrap conveyor, and if that main conveyor goes down the press lines automatically shut down as well. Even without interlocks, a conveyor shutdown will eventually lead to press downtime. Consider the typical JIT manufacturing scenario in the automotive industry. Should scrap backup cause a body-panel stamping operation to shut down during the morning shift, within 24 hr. the welding lines would likely go down, and then, shortly thereafter, final assembly would cease.

Additionally, excess scrap in stamping and forming operations can affect operator safety, while also putting tools, dies and other equipment at risk.

Regularly scheduled PM sessions provide opportunities for the service provider to train the plant's personnel
Regularly scheduled PM sessions provide opportunities for the service provider to train the plant’s personnel in the essentials of conveyor maintenance. This encourages the metalformer to take ownership of its conveying equipment, and will dramatically reduce the possibility of unplanned downtime.

Imagine Losing $26,000/Min.

The dangers described above are not just hypothetical, as one auto manufacturer with integrated stamping in its main assembly facility can attest. The manufacturer, whose main scrap conveyor crashed and stayed down for two shifts, lost all vehicle production for one shift—it typically operates at a production rate of two vehicles/min. Add to that the cost of the plant’s payroll of $26,000/min. and suddenly maintaining the health of the humble scrap conveyor becomes a critical function.

Keeping scrap conveyors running efficiently starts with conveyor design, which presents an opportunity for new facilities and a challenge for many older plants. For example, one major manufacturer (let’s call it Manufacturer A) designed and installed an extremely long main conveyor with a good layout for operations but a poor layout for maintenance. More than 1000 ft. long, the conveyor runs the entire length of the plant, but the trench in which it sits provides less than 24 in. of clearance on each side.

The plant diligently performed its housekeeping chores and kept the trench clean and clear of material. However, eventually it decided to turn housekeeping responsibilities over to an outside service, whose employees lacked the plant personnel’s understanding of the importance of keeping the conveyor trench tidy—to them it was just another hole in the floor. Over time the trench filled with debris. Along with hindering efficient operation, the debris blocked inspection of the lower rails. As the rails finally wore out, the return strand of belt fell through the frame and became jammed. The press operator, thinking the conveyor was overloaded, continued to increase its speed and eventually caused a catastrophic conveyor failure. It took the plant three weeks to clear a the debris and repair the conveyor.

There Must be a Better

Press lines are interlocked to a main scrap conveyor
In many metalforming facilities, press lines are interlocked to a main scrap conveyor, and if that main conveyor goes down the press lines automatically shut down as well.

Conversely, consider Manufacturer B, a company that designed its stamping and scrap-handling systems with maintenance accessibility in mind, and now follows up with a program of complete inspection and lubrication of the main conveyor every six months. After more than 20 years of operating 24/7, its 800-ft.-long main conveyor still runs with the original belt, requiring only minor replacement belting sections, all due to the company’s robust maintenance program.

Whether or not you have the luxury of a fresh design, Manufacturer B’s course—regular and thorough inspection and maintenance—obviously is the to go. Sure, conveyor manufacturers build their equipment to be tough, but let’s be realistic. These are mechanical systems subjected to high stress loads, extended duty cycles andeven occasional abuse. As a result, some components must eventually be replaced.

Consider Outsourcing Conveyor Maintenance

A metalformer might add conveyor maintenance to the task list of its maintenance staff, but this may not represent the optimum use of those valuable resources. And, the staff may be highly competent yet lack the specialized skills and expertise needed to keep a scrap conveyor running efficiently. Also, maintenance personnel typically focus on keeping the plant’s more expensive and highly visible production equipment up and running, pushing scrap flow well down their list of priorities. This is particularly true in more recent times, when many companies run lean on maintenance resources, and trained personnel are scarce.


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See also: Mayfran International, Inc.

Related Enterprise Zones: Automation

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