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Have Press-Hardening Equipment? Change the Hydraulic Fluid

March 1, 2016

New fluid, and new fluid technology make this machinery safer and more productive while extending service life.

Press-hardening operations have all the elements of a fire hazard: hot surfaces, pressurized mineral oil in the hydraulic systems and the proximity of hot surfaces to the pressurized oil. If the oil ignites, it can create a torch-like, exploding fire resulting in significant equipment damage and even the loss of life. As dangerous as mineral oil is in this environment, it is the standard “first fill” for OEMs due to its inexpensiveness and availability. Nearly all press-hardening hydraulic systems in service today are filled with a hydraulic fluid that presents a considerable fire hazard. Even though press-hardening operators are concerned about the risk, many are not aware of safer, more cost-effective hydraulic-fluid alternatives.

A Growing Problem

Mineral oil as it touches a hot surface
 Mineral oil as it touches a hot surface.
mineral oil has explosive combustion
Mineral oil has explosive combustion.
mineral oil fire can spread quickly
A mineral-oil fire can spread quickly.
synthetic water-free alternative to mineral oil
 A synthetic, water-free alternative to mineral oil does not explode.
synthetic water-free oil
A fire involving the alternative fluid does not spread as easily.
Vehicle-component manufacturers increasingly demand ultra-high-strength steels to help reduce vehicle weight and improve fuel economy while providing a more crash-resistant passenger cabin. Working to meet this demand, press-hardening operators have added production lines. The increased activity exposes the industry to a greater number of fires and explosions. These fires and their aftermath have become a cause for concern from the boardroom to the plant floor, and have resulted in the following:

• Loss of capital;

• Loss of production;

• Costly repairs;

• Injury or loss of life; and

• Loss of ability to deliver components.

Developing a Risk-Control Strategy

To mitigate the negative effects of fire and explosions on safety and production, many press-hardening operators are taking a fresh look at hydraulic fluids that offer increased fire resistance—water glycols (HFC) and water-free fluids (HFD). As they evaluate alternatives, operators must consider a range of factors including the cost to convert to a new fluid and the longer-term total cost of ownership. OEMs and fluid suppliers can help to evaluate overall costs and benefits of a conversion to these fluids.

Risk Assessment in Action—A Case Study

A case study shows how a conversion might proceed. The press-hardening lines at a large stamping company had experienced a number of fires resulting from ruptured hoses and leaking couplings that deposited oil onto hot work surfaces. In 2012, one fire resulted in worker injuries and more than one week of downtime, costing the company more than $6 million in damages. The gravity of the situation convinced management to take immediate action to reduce a fire risk. The management team solicited supplier proposals and evaluated available solutions to identify their best option from both a technical and financial perspective. Its approach weighed the positives and negatives (see Table 1—Fire-Reduction Solutions).

Management concluded that the safest and most cost-effective alternative was to replace the mineral oil currently used in press-hardening operations with a synthetic, water-free, HFD-U fluid. Though costing more than mineral oil, the HFD-U fluid offered the best overall value, lowering fire risk and improving safety without costly equipment changes or increased maintenance costs.

After deciding on an HFD-U fluid, management narrowed its choice of fluid suppliers and specific products to trial, and ultimately selected Quaker Chemical Corp., Conshohocken, PA, and its QuintoLubric 888-46 fluid.

“This fire-resistant, water-free hydraulic fluid had the properties our customer needed as well as compatibility with its existing equipment,” explains Ronald Knecht, Quaker Chemical’s global business development manager–fluid power, who oversaw the conversion and trial period on one press-hardening line. “The customer soon recognized that it was taking the right path to reduce the risk of fire and could breathe easier knowing that it was creating a safer work environment.”

Shortly after the hydraulic equipment began running with the HFD-U fluid, a hose ruptured on one of the lines. Thanks to the fluid’s fire-resistant properties, the incident caused no major damage nor loss of production, according to Quaker Chemical officials. As a result, the press- hardening company decided that all future units installed would be filled with the HFD-U fluid.

Steps to a Smooth Conversion

Converting to an HFD-U is not complicated. Even so, press-hardening operators should work with a fluid supplier that has the expertise to help evaluate situations, and that can offer realistic solutions to solve problems ranging from production efficiency to worker safety. Conversion steps should include:

• Collecting written approvals from component suppliers;

• Conducting extensive, long-term tests to ensure the recommended seals, paints and components are compatible with the fluid;

• Defining a specific procedure for a conversion from mineral oil to a synthetic water-free HFD-U fluid (less than 3-percent mineral oil is expected to remain in the system); and

• Running a 6-month trial, including regular fluid analysis.

The reward is long-term safety for a facility and its employees, and the knowledge that mineral-oil-related hazards have been minimized. MF

Article provided by Quaker Chemical Corp., Conshohocken, PA; 610/832-4000;

 Learn More About This Topic

…by attending a free 1-hr. webinar presented by Ronald Knecht, global business development and OEM manager–fluid power, Quaker Chemical Corp., scheduled for Thursday, March 3, beginning at 2:00 EST. Visit to register.

Industry-Related Terms: Case, Lines, Surface
View Glossary of Metalforming Terms


See also: Quaker Chemical Corp.

Technologies: Lubrication, Stamping Presses


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