You and the Law
What's on OSHA's Enforcement Plate?
Hexavalent-chromium overexposure occurs when welding stainless and high-chrome steels. Stainless steel can contain 10.5 to 27 percent chromium. There also may be a potential for overexposure when welding carbon steel in an enclosed space, as 10 percent of carbon steel reportedly contains chromium in more than trace amounts. OSHA recommends switching from shielded-metal arc welding with a reported high likelihood of overexposure to gas-metal-arc or tungsten-gas-arc welding where possible.
OSHA’s PPE Payment Regulation, published in November 2007, requires employers to pay for most PPE required to be worn at workplaces. However, it does not require payment for uniform items worn to keep clean, or items that are not considered PPE. There also are exceptions for safety-toe wear, prescription safety eyewear, everyday clothing and weather-related gear.
Lockout/tagout citations and appeals remain a major OSHA enforcement emphasis. Lockout/tagout citations comprised the seventh-most OSHA “willfull” citations issued and the fourth-most “serious” citations issued in FY 2008. Inspectors have a new How to Inspect Employers for LO/TO instruction manual (OSHA Instruction #CPL 02-00-147 effective February 11, 2008), which all employers with servicing or maintenance activities should have a copy of—and are applying it. If you need a copy, contact Ehlke Law Offices.
Combustible dust is being considered by OSHA for investigation in at least 11 industries, one of which is metal processing. Although we have not seen citations yet in metalforming, it is an area OSHA is likely to develop.
The emphasis on crane safety follows widely reported news of tower-crane disasters. OSHA realized its crane standards were out of date and focused upon rulemaking activities and certified operator training and inspections. Washington state is on the front end of that curve, having already adopted new legislation and regulations requiring both types of certifications following a Bellevue, WA, tower-crane collapse.
The 500-lb. gorilla in the room may be an ergonomics proposal that currently is nonexistent. OSHA’s 2001 ergonomics regulation was voided by Congressional action under the Congressional Review Act of 1996 on grounds that OSHA’s then-standard was unduly burdensome and overbroad. Under that act, an administrative agency is forbidden from reproposing a similar version of the same invalidated rule. Congress’ vote in 2001 against OSHA’s ergonomics standard remains the only time the Congressional Review Act has been invoked. So what new ergonomics rule could sidestep the “similar” rule prohibition? No one knows. But you may recall that President Obama indicated in his political campaigning that he intended to reinstate OSHA’s ergonomics rule.
A new compliance area for metalformers is arc-flash analysis. OSHA is enforcing new electrical standards that took effect August 14, 2007—the first changes to OSHA’s general industry electrical requirements in 25 years. MF
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