Business of Metalforming
Section 179: Buy and Sell Before Time's Up
This tax code was created to help small businesses deduct the full amount, within limits, for the purchase of equipment, vehicles and other tangible personal property. Enacted originally in the early 1960s, it became most notable in the ’80s when Congress upped the limits. Most recently, it received special provisions to spur economic growth by doubling the available deduction through The Small Business Jobs and Credit Act of 2010. After a quick review, you may find it enticing as a manufacturer to quickly take possession of needed equipment or encouraging as an equipment supplier to make that big sales push as we close out the year.
Section 179 Summary (Source: www.section179.org)
• Taxpayers can write off up to $500,000 of qualified capital expenditures—subject to a dollar-for-dollar phase-out once these expenditures exceed $2,000,000—for 2010 and 2011.
• Chances are if you use it in your business it probably qualifies, including machines, software, computers, office furniture and equipment, vehicles with a gross vehicle weight in excess of 6000 lb. and qualifying real estate.
• Section 179 extends a first-year 50-percent depreciation for qualifying purchases placed in service during 2010. However, the 50-percent bonus depreciation is not extended into 2011 and can be used in combination with Section 179 assets, but not for the same assets—no double-dipping.
• The code allows a business to deduct, for the current tax year, the full purchase price of financed or leased equipment that qualifies for the deduction. The equipment must be placed into service in the same tax year that the deduction is taken.
• By deducting the full cost, you may substantially lower the amount you pay for equipment through earned deductions. And, if the equipment is financed or leased, it’s possible to receive a tax reduction that exceeds the amount of financing that must be paid in the first year or two, thus resulting in a positive cash flow.
• If your company is operating in an Enterprise Zone and Renewal Community Businesses, the New York Liberty Zone, or the Gulf Opportunity Zone, you may qualify for increased deductions.
David Duffy, managing member of David Duffy, CPA & Co., PLLC, Royal Oak, MI, affirms that Section 179 was designed to benefit small to medium-sized companies. Duffy explains that businesses are allowed to deduct Section 179 to the extent that it doesn’t create a tax loss. And if you take 179 on an item and are in a tax-loss position, then the 179 portion that contributes to the loss is suspended and carried forward to apply in the first subsequent year that you have a tax profit, and then only to the extent that you have a profit. Unused, suspended 179 deductions continue to carry forward until they have been fully applied.
While you may have only the balance of this month to act and earn the bonus deduction, it may be well worth the effort. It’s not very often that our friends at the IRS make way for a Merry Christmas, so let’s not disappoint scrooge—spend, spend, spend and save. MF
Special thanks to Jim Ward at Coe Press Equipment for bringing Section 179 to my attention.
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