Make Pressroom Safety a Habit
One of the most effective strategies stampers can adopt to improve pressroom safety is to emphasize safety habits to operators. Typically, stampers pay more attention to meeting Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards by implementing equipment changes and upgrades. These hardware improvements can include installation of control-reliable press controls, properly installed presence-sensing devices and auxiliary barriers. While important, these are only the first steps in establishing a comprehensive pressroom safety strategy.
Focus on the Human Element
OSHA accident reports have long revealed that most mishaps involve some human element. Sometimes the guards are insufficiently designed or improperly installed. Often accidents involve the action or inaction of one or more individuals. This supports the idea that safety programs focusing primarily on hardware issues are inherently weak. Stampers can achieve and maintain low accident records by emphasizing, through training, the importance of personnel consistently executing their daily duties in strict accordance with safe practices.
The goal of the hardware aspect of a safety program is to design and install, where feasible, safety equipment that works with no active involvement from the operator. For example, an interlocked barrier device prevents the press from stroking if open. The operator has no control over this function.
The training aspect of the program must focus on actions and decisions still within the operator’s control. Like a seatbelt in a car, which is only effective if the driver consistently chooses to use it, good safety habits work effectively only if the operator uses them.
Ingrain Safety Habits
Safe pressroom habits must be so ingrained that the operator performs them without having to consciously remember them. The goal of the training program must be to teach people to use safe practices all of the time, out of habit.
Employees already have many built-in safety habits before they ever enter a stamping plant. For example, individuals have been taught to watch out for traffic when they cross a street. This behavior, taught from childhood, is performed routinely without conscious thought. Few individuals, however, have been trained to watch for traffic inside a building. Stampers recalling their own first weeks in a plant, or those of a new hire, can attest to the near misses and occasional collisions that occur between new employees and the many fork trucks that roam factory aisles. And the factory is filled with other hazards much less obvious to a new employee than fork trucks. Thus, new employees will have to learn new habits to protect themselves from hazards.
Make a List for New Hires
When establishing an effective safety program, first identify hazards in the plant related to each new employee’s job function. Secondly, create the list of habits to be taught to protect workers from these hazards. No two lists will be exactly the same, though many will share common points. In a stamping plant, most lists would include, but not be limited to:
• Be wary of fork-truck traffic.
• Consistently wear protective equipment such as safety glasses, boots, arm guards, ear plugs, etc.
• Use the lockout/tagout procedures provided.
• Stand clear of potential hazards presented by the stored energy in a coil of steel during unbanding.
• Never set items on the press bolster or slide, or the feed equipment.
• Check guarding equipment to ensure proper adjustment and operation.
• Stand clear of the slack loop of material on the feed section of a line.
• Don’t stand behind the reel where the tail of a coil can sometimes lash out.
• Use tonnage monitors to ensure that tooling is within the press’ capacity to run it.
• Keep the area around the press free of clutter, oil and other trip hazards.
One example of this can be found in the rule regarding the setting of objects or tools on the press bolster. Without an explanation, most new hires would consider this nothing more than a housekeeping issue. However, most people unfamiliar with, or new to, stamping operations, are unaware of the power of even a small mechanical press. If a press closes on a Thermos bottle or other object, that object can be ejected out of the die area like a missile. In the case of a solid object such as a tool, a grenade-like explosion can occur, sending metal shards in all directions. An experienced operator relating specific accidents or near misses caused by this phenomenon drives the message home.
By explaining the hazard, the safety habit no longer is an arbitrary rule, but becomes a logical response to a specific problem. Combining this teaching with monitoring of new hires to reinforce safety habits reduces the time required for new employees to develop the habits. MF
Related Enterprise Zones: Safety
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